Observers and Observations

Alcoforado, M. J., J. M. Vaquero, R. M. Trigo, and J. P. Taborda, 2012: Early Portuguese meteorological measurements (18th century). Clim. Past, 8, 353–371,  (   ).

Böhm, R., P. D: Jones, J. Hiebl, D. Frank, M. Brunetti, M. Maugeri 2010: The early instrumental warm-bias: a solution for long central European temperature series 1760–2007. Clim. Change, 101, 41–67.Camuffo, D., and C. Bertolin, 2012: The earliest temperature observations in the world: the Medici Network (1654–1670). Clim. Change, 111, 335–363, (  ).

Camuffo, D., C. Cocheo, and G Sturaro, 2006: Corrections of systematic errors, data homogenisation and climatic analysis of the Padova pressure series (1725–1999). Clim. Change, 78, 493–514, ( ). 

Cappelen, J., (ed.), 2018: Greenland - DMI Historical Climate Data Collection 1784-2017, DMI Report 18-04, pp. 118.  

Cassidy, D. C., 1985: Meterology in Mannheim. The Palatine Meterological Society, 1780-1795. Sudhoffs Archiv 69: 8–25.  

Chenoweth, M., J. M. Vaquero, R. García-Herrera, and D. Wheeler, 2007: A pioneer in Tropical Meteorology: William Sharpe's Barbados weather journal, April-August 1680. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 88, 1957–1964,  (  )..

Collen, B. 1992. South Pacific Historical Climate Network. Climate Station Histories. Part 1: Southwest Pacific Region, New Zealand Meteorological Service, Wellington, 113 pp.

Demarée, G. R., and A. E. J. Ogilvie, 2008: The Moravian missionaries at the Labrador coast and their centuries-long contribution to instrumental meteorological observations. Clim. Change, 91, 3-4, 423–450,

Domínguez-Castro, F., and Coauthors, 2017: Early meteorological records from Latin-America and the Caribbean during the 18th and 19th centuries. Sci. Data, 4, 170169,

Domínguez-Castro, F., J. M. Vaquero, F. S. Rodrigo, A. M. M. Farrona, M. C. Gallego, R. García-Herrera, M. Barriendos, and A. Sanchez-Lorenzo, 2014: Early Spanish meteorological records (1780–1850). Int. J. Climatol., 34, 3, 593–603,

Farrona, A. M. M., J. M. Vaquero, M. C. Gallego and R. M.Trigo, 2012: The meteorological observations of Bento Sanches Dorta, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: 1781-1788. Clim. Change, 115, 579–595. 

Farrona, A. M. M., F. Domínguez-Castro, M. C. Gallego, and J. M. Vaquero, 2016: The first meteorological observations at a tropical high elevation site: Antisana 1846. J. Mt. Sci., 13, 6, 1047–1055,

Fleming, J. R., 1990: Meteorology in America, 1800-1870. Johns Hopkins University Press: 264 pp.

Fouhy, E., Coutts, L., McGann, R., Collen, B. and Salinger, J. 1992. South Pacific Historical Climate Network. Climate Station Histories. Part 2: New Zealand and Offshore Islands. New Zealand Meteorological Service, Wellington, 216 pp. 

Gallego, M.C., F. Dominguez-Castro, J. M. Vaquero, and R. Garcia-Herrera, 2011: The hidden role of women in monitoring nineteenth-century African weather: instrumental observations in equatorial Guinea. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 92, 3, 315–324,

Ge, Q.-S., J. Y. Zheng, Z. X. Hao, P. Y. Zhang, and W.-C. Wang, 2005: Reconstruction of historical climate in China: high-resolution precipitation data from Qing Dynasty archives. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., 86, 5, 671–679. 

Gergis, J., and L. Ashcroft, 2013: A rainfall history of south-eastern Australia Part 2: a comparison of documentary, early instrumental and palaeoclimate records, 1788–2008. Int. J. Climatol., DOI: 10.1002/joc.3639.

Gergis, J., D. J. Karoly, and R. Allan, 2009: A climate reconstruction of Sydney Cove, New South Wales, using weather journal and documentary data, 1788–1791. Australian Meteorol. and Oceanographic J, 58, 2, 83–98. 

Guadalupe, L.E.R.,  2014:  Father Benito Vines: The 19th-Century Life and Contributions of a Cuban Hurricane Observer and Scientist.  Amer.  Meteorol. Soc., Boston, 172p. 

Hestmark G. and Nordli Ø. 2016: Jens Esmark's Christiania (Oslo) meteorological observations 1816–1838: the first long-term continuous temperature record from the Norwegian capital homogenized and analysed. Clim Past. 12, 2087-2106.

India Meteorological Department, 1976: Hundred Years of Weather Service (1875–1975). Dy. Director General of Observatories: Poona; 207 pp. 

Jones, P. D., 2001: Early European Instrumental Records. In: Jones P.D., Ogilvie A.E.J., Davies T.D., Briffa K.R., Eds., History and Climate. Springer, Boston, MA. 

Jones, P. and D. Lister, 2002: The daily temperature record for St. Petersburg (1743–1996). Clim. Change, 53, 253–267.

 Havens, J. M., 1958: An annotated bibliography of meteorological observations in the United States, 1715-1718. U.S. Department of Commerce, Weather Bureau, Washington D.C. DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0007.1. 

Kington, J., 1988: The weather of the 1780s over Europe. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 

Kington, J.A., 1974: The Societas Meteorologica Palatina: An Eighteenth-century meteorological society. Weather, Nov. 1974, 416-426. 

Maugeri, M., M. Brunetti, L. Buffoni, G. Lentini, F. Mangianti, F. Monti, T. Nanni, and R. Pastorelli, 2006: Variabilità e cambiamenti climatici in Italia nel corso degli ultimi due secoli documentati da serie storiche secolari omogeneizzate. In: Progetto di Ricerca CLIMAGRI-Cambiamenti climatici e agricoltura (finanziato dal Ministero delle Politiche Agricole, Alimentari e Forestali) – Risultati conclusivi. S. Esposito, C Epifani, C. Serra, Eds., CRA-Ufficio Centrale di Ecologia Agraria, Roma, 15–29  

Maugeri, M., L. Buffoni, and F. Chlistovsky, 2002a: Daily Milan temperature and pressure series (1763-1998): history of the observations and data and metadata recovery. Clim. Change, 53, 101–117. 

Maugeri, M., L. Buffoni, B. Delmonte, and A. Fassina, 2002b: Daily Milan Temperature and Pressure Series (1763–1998): Completing and Homogenising the Data. Clim. Change, 53, 119–149. 

Middleton, W. E. K., 1969: Invention of the Meteorological Instruments. The Johns Hopkins Press: Baltimore. 

Moberg, A., 1998: Meteorological observations in Sweden made before A.D. 1860. Paläoklimaforschung/Palaeoclimate Research, 23, 99–119. 

Moberg, A. and H. Bergström, 1997: Homogenization of Swedish temperature data. Part III: the long temperature records from Uppsala and Stockholm. Int. J. Climatol., 17, 667–699. 

Nash, D. J., and G. C. D. Adamson, 2014: Recent Advances in the Historical Climatology of the Tropics and Subtropics. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 95, 131–146. 

Nicholson, S. E., D. Klotter, and A. K. Dezfuli, 2012a: Spatial reconstruction of semi-quantitative precipitation fields over Africa during the nineteenth century from documentary evidence and gauge data. Quat. Res., 78, 13–23. 

Parker, D., and B. Horton, 2005: Uncertainties in Central England Temperature 1878-2003 and some improvements to the maximum and minimum series. Int. J. Climatol., 25, 1173–1188. 

Prinsep, J., 1829b: Abstract of a meteorological journal kept at Benares, during the year 1827. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc., 118, 251-255 

Pei, Q., P. Forêt, and M. Hall, 2018: Introduction to the Climate Records of Imperial China. Environmental History, 3–24, DOI: 10.1093/envhis/emy052. 

Przybylak, R., and A. Pospieszyńska, 2010: Air temperature in Wroclaw (Breslau) in the period 1710-1721 based on measurements made by David Von Grebner. Acta Agrophysica, 184, 35–43. 

Sanchez-Rodrigo, F., 2019: Early Meteorological Data in Southern Spain during the Dalton Minimum. Int J Climatol. Accepted Author Manuscript. doi:10.1002/joc.6041

Slonosky, V.C., 2018: Climate in the Age of EmpireL: Observers in Colonial Canada.  Amer. Meteor. Soc. Boston. ISBN:9781944970208. 

Slonosky, V. C., 2002: Wet winters, dry summers? Three centuries of precipitation data from Paris. Geophys. Res. Lett., 29, 18, 1887, DOI: 10.1029/2001GL014302.

Slonosky, V. C., 2003: The Meteorological Observations of Jean-François Gaultier, Quebec, Canada: 1742–56. J. Clim., 16, 2232–2247. 

Slonosky, V. C., 2014: Historical climate observations in Canada: 18th and 19th century daily temperature from the St. Lawrence Valley, Quebec. Geosci. Data J., 1, 103–120, DOI: 10.1002/gdj3.11.

Slonosky, V. C., 2015: Daily Minimum and Maximum Temperature in the St-Lawrence Valley, Quebec: Two Centuries of Climatic Observations from Canada. Int. J. Climatol., 35, 1662–81. 

Tsukahara, T., 2013: 19th century Chinese Meteorology: Climate reconstruction based on historical record in English newspapers. Historical Geographers in Japan, 55, 69–81.  

Wege, K., and P. Winkler, 2005: The Societas Meteorologica Palatina (1780-1795) and the very first beginnings of Hohenpeissenberg observatory (1781-today). From Beaufort to Bjerknes and beyond: Critical perspectives on observing, analyzing, and predicting weather and climate. S. Emeis, and C. Lüdecke, Ed., Rauner, Augsburg, 45–54. 

Wheeler, D., 1995: Early instrumental weather data from Cadiz: A study of late eighteenth and early nineteenth century records. Int. J. Climatol., 15, 801–810, DOI: 10.1002/joc.3370150707 

Williamson, F., and Coauthors, 2018: Collating Historic Weather Observations for the East Asian Region: Challenges, Solutions, and Reanalyses. Adv. Atmos. Sci., 35, 899–904. 

Williamson, F., Allan, R., Switzer, A.D. , Chan, J.C.L., Wasson, R.J.,  D'Arrigo, R.,  and  Gartner, R.,  2015:  New Directions in Hydro-Climatic Histories: Observational Data Recovery, Proxy Records and the Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth (ACRE) initiative in Southeast Asia.  Geoscience Letters,  2:2, DOI 10.1186/s40562-015-0018-z.

Wolf, A., 1962: A history of science, philosophy and technology in the eighteenth century, Vol. 1. George Allen & Unwin, London, 274–305. 

Wyszynski, P., and R. Przybylak, 2014: Variability of humidity conditions in the Arctic during the first International Polar Year, 1882–83. Polar Res., 33, 23896, DOI: 10.3402/polar.v33.23896. 

Zaiki, M., 2016-19: Reconstruction of 19th century Japanese weather maps and typhoon events based on lighthouse meteorological records, Grant Reference JSPS-16H03116 (

Zaiki, M., G. P. Konnen, T. Tsukahara, P. D. Jones, T. Mikami, and K. Matsumoto, 2006: Recovery of nineteenth-century Tokyo/Osaka meteorological data in Japan. Int. J. Climatol., 25. 

Zhang P., and G. Gong, 1980: Ancient precipitation records in China, WMO Bull, 29, 7-11.